Wisdom Teeth RemovalWisdom teeth are the third molars that are known to cause dental problems by growing abnormally or against other teeth below the gums. They appear much later than the other teeth in persons between the ages of 17 and 25 years. They are the last set of teeth to grow and can be found growing behind the molars at the back of the mouth, and usually appear without forming a straight line and can have many bends.

Wisdom teeth can also grow sideways or misaligned while pushing on other teeth, thereby causing a dental problem known as overcrowding. There are many reasons why earlier wisdom teeth removal is better than later – besides causing misalignment of the other teeth, they are sometimes completely useless. Your dentist will always recommend your wisdom teeth to be extracted instead of treating them, but there are many advantages of doing it earlier to avoid complications – especially when they start to grow in an abnormal way.

Purposes and Functions of Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth can be traced to the ancient times when human ancestors use them to chew plant tissues. Humans of the ancient times were discovered to have larger jaws that consist of more teeth, which helped them to grind the leaves or branches of plants. However, our source of food these days contain higher energy and lots of carbohydrates which make our jaws to be smaller than those of the human ancestors; therefore producing less room for wisdom teeth.

As oral hygiene is getting more advanced and our diets now softer – wisdom teeth are no more needed but still grow anyway. Though your dentist will decide what to do but, generally the teeth would be extracted, especially when they pose a threat to your oral health. There are signs that show you urgently need wisdom teeth removal apart from gum bone damage, overcrowding, and mouth infection.

When Do You Need Wisdom Teeth Removal?

When your wisdom teeth have started growing, you can observe certain symptoms that indicate you will need to extract them as soon as possible.

Impacted

Wisdom teeth can be Impacted and cause serious oral problems such as producing bacteria-based fluid also known as cysts. This condition can damage other teeth closer to the wisdom teeth, as well as the tissues.

Infection

You may experience frequent tooth pain due to infection caused by wisdom teeth, as well as swelling and redness of the jaw bone. There are reported cases of stiffness in the jaw too, and the infection can progress to the entire body through the bloodstream, thereby causing health problems.

Bad Breath

Because wisdom teeth can create overcrowding it becomes harder to properly brush and floss. The resulting build-up of bacteria can be the cause of your bad breath.

Difficult to clean

When you find it difficult to access and clean third molars, there are chances for bacteria to build up that could later result in a cavity. The bacteria can also affect other teeth and cause a serious oral problem.

Why You Need Wisdom Teeth Removal Earlier

You can prevent oral health and general illness when your wisdom teeth are removed earlier – especially when they are impacted. Your dentist will consider removing the teeth when they are found to be a threat to your health and to prevent conditions such as tooth crowding, pain, damage of jaw nerves and bones, as well as cavities. Because impacted wisdom tooth will grow below the surface of the gum, the tissue surrounding it may swell up forming pockets of fluid which literally contain bacteria that can spread to other teeth.

You’ll need to have your impacted third molars extracted earlier to prevent tumors that may later require dental surgery to be removed. It is ideal to take out a partially erupted wisdom tooth before it becomes crooked or crowds the other tooth. You may also experience complications such as a problem of the roots of surrounding teeth intangling with the roots of the wisdom teeth while they continue to grow.

Generally, it is more difficult to take out teeth in adults when the bones are much harder than in teenagers – so, earlier removal of wisdom teeth will make the work of your dentist lots easier. In most cases, these teeth don’t hurt and just because they are not painful doesn’t indicate that everything is well. Your dentist knows better and can decide to remove healthy molars in order to prevent future oral problems.

What to Expect Before, During and After Wisdom Teeth Removal

The first thing your dentist will do before considering taking out your wisdom tooth is taking an X-ray of it. This is necessary because sometimes the impacted teeth do not hurt while the diagnosis will determine their position and how they are growing. Though there are some symptoms that will tell you that you need an earlier removal, but your dentist will determine when and how to do it.

The removal of third molars is usually done in your dentist’s office and you may either be sedated or placed under anesthesia. Afterward, the wisdom tooth will be made visible and easier to remove by using a special tool to loosen its tissue. However, it may be necessary to cut the tooth into parts to make the procedure much faster.

After the removal of the impacted wisdom teeth that are embedded in the jaw bone, you may experience some post-surgery conditions such as swelling and painful sensation in the face that can be minimized by using pain medications prescribed by your dentist and applying ice packs. It will take a while before your mouth heals but you should always maintain a good oral hygiene such as regular brushing and flossing, as well as using a reliable germ-fighting mouthwash.